Working towards a zero-carbon world is an imperative — and something all reasonable human beings can join together to do. Correct?
In fact, instituting the sort of smart-city solutions that curb carbon emissions can face roadblocks. Sometimes efforts bog down in collaboration between different stakeholders, who might have their own agendas and ways of doing things.
Then too, sincere political considerations will often drive decision-making, no matter the scientific consensus. A mayor's rejection of a green initiative in response to pressure from constituents who fear it might affect their economic interests can be frustrating, but it's also how representative democracy works.
Then there's the fact that a green initiative's timeline can stretch well into the future — longer than the incumbency of most elected officials, who are incentivized to think for the short term.
And so on. So how do you make sure that smart city initiatives actually happen, and continue to be supported once they are under way? Given the intricate web of interests that come into play in any big public-facing initiative, there may be no single way. What follows are peeks at three projects that did successfully take root, how the smart city champions in each went about making them happen, and why similar projects elsewhere achieved less favorable results.